تبلیغات
[جغرافیا - مفاهیم توسعه
[جغرافیا

لینکدونی

آرشیو

لینکستان

← آمار وبلاگ

  • کل بازدید :
  • بازدید امروز :
  • بازدید دیروز :
  • بازدید این ماه :
  • بازدید ماه قبل :
  • تعداد نویسندگان :
  • تعداد کل پست ها :
  • آخرین بازدید :
  • آخرین بروز رسانی :

مفاهیم توسعه

مفهوم توسعه:

توسعه وازه ای است که از نظر مفهومی روند تکاملی خود را در طول زمان طی نمود واصطلاحات جدیدی به آن افزوده شده ومعنا ومفهوم متفاوتی یافته است.بروکفیلد در تعریف توسعه می گوید : (فرایند عمومی موجود در این زمینه این است که توسعه  را بر حسب پیشرفت به سوی اهداف رفاهی نظیر کاهش فقر ، بیکاری و نابرابری تعریف کنیم).به طور کلی توسعه جریانی است که در خود تجدید سازمان وسمت گیری متفاوت کل نظام اقتصادی اجتماعی را به همراه دارد.توسعه علاوه بربهبود در میزان تولید ودرآمد،شامل دگرگونی اساسی در ساختهای نهادی، اجتماعی اداری وهمچنین ایستارها و وجهه نظر های عمومی مردم است.توسعه در بسیاری موارد حتی عادات ورسوم وعقاید مردم را نیز در بر می گیرد(ازکیا،1387و8).

توسعه انسانی :

میسرا وسورندام در سال 1982 توسعه انسانی رابه عنوان روش نوین توسعه مد نظر قرار داده وآن را جایگزینی برای استراتژی شهری صنعتی دانستند(پاپلی یزدی،ابراهیمی،1390، 45).

شاخص توسعه انسانی نخست بار در سال 1990 برنامه سازمان ملل ((UND آن را در گزارش توسعه انسانی انتشار داد.در این گزارش آمده است "توسعه انسانی به معنای افزایش در آمد،فقط بخشی از خواستهای مردم را شامل می شود وهر چند به مثابه یک در خواست مهم است ولی همه زندگی آنان نیست ،لذا هدف توسعه باید مردم باشد"( پاپلی یزدی، ابراهیمی،1390، 46).

توسعه اقتصادی :

بنابرتعریف جان ملور توسعه اقتصادی عبارت از فرایندی است که طی آن جامعه کار آیی تولید وعرضه کالا ها وخدمکات مورد نیاز را افزایش داده وبه تبع آن سطح زندگی سرانه ومیزان رفاه عمومی اعضای خود را افزایش می دهد. در تعریف دیگر "بروس هربک" ودیگران توسعه اقتصادی را عبارت از افزایشش تولید محصولات همراه با تغییر در هیات فنی وتشکیلاتی جامعه ای می دانند که محصولات مزبور در متن آن تولید وتوزیع می گردند. ضمن بیان این مطلب که توسعه اقتصادی علی الافراتر از رشد اقتصادی است،تصور توسعه اقتصادی مستمر بدون وجود رشد اقتصادی نیز کار بسیار مشکلی است ولذا می توان گفت که توسعه اقتصادی الزاما به درجه ای از رشد اقتصادی همزمان با آن بستگی دارد(شهبازی،1375، 13).

توسعه کشاورزی :

توسعه کشاورزی دستاورد یک سلسله فعالیت های برنامه ریزی شده مرتبط وهماهنگ بهد منظور اعمال تغییرات وتحولات مطلوب برای وسعت بخشیدن به زمینه ها، گسترش دامنه فعالیت ها؛ بسط امور وافزایش عملکردها در قالب برنامه جامع توسعه اقتصادی واجتماعی است (شهبازی ،1368، 1) همچنین آقای دکتر رابرت استیونز در خصوص تعریف توسعه کشاورزی می گوید : توسعه کشاورزی دلالت بر ایجاد تغییر در بخش کشاورزی می کند که این فرایند تغییر چهار عامل اساسی دخالت دارند(زامانی پور؛1373، 72).

توسعه روستایی :

مهاجرت شدید روستایی ،وانتقال نیروی کار مولد روستا ها به بخش های غیر تولیدی وغیر رسمی اقتصادی وگاهی انتقال این نیروی مولد به بخش های انگلی ،منشا بسیاری از مشکلات کشورهای توسعه نیافته در شهر ها شده بود.از آن طرف،خالی شدن روستاها از نیروهای اقتصادی باعث گردید مقداری از زمین های کشاورزی از گردونه تولید وکشت وزرع خارج شود. وروستا ها را وابسته به مواد غذایی وارداتی کند. اینگونه بود که راهبرد های توسعه جهت گیری خود را معطوف به زندگی روستائیان وتوسعه روستایی نمود.

از توسعه روستایی تعاریف وتعابیر چندی متداول است. طبق تعریف بانک جهانی توسعه روستایی راهبردی است جهت بهبود زندگی اجتماعی واقتصادی روستائیان فقیر . چون هدف از توسعه روستایی کاهش فقر است باید افزایش تولید را به طور مشخص به دنبال داشته باشد ..... این راهبرد با مدرنیزاسیون وپولی کردن جامعه روستایی ونیز انتقال آن از انزوای سنتی واتصال به اقتصاد ملی ارتباط دارد. بنابراین ، هدف های توسعه روستایی  فراتر از هر بخش ویژ گسترش می یابند . این هدف بهبود وضع تولید،افزایش اشتغال و..... وتامین حداقل قابل قبولی از غذا مسکن، آموزش وبهداشت را شامل می شود(آسایش ، 1370 ،10).

اهداف توسعه روستایی :

چنانچه که می دانیم اقتصاد کشورهای جهان سوم از جمله کشور ما اغلب بر تولید کشاورزی متکی است وفعالیت کشاورزی هم اغلب در روستا انجام می گیرد اذا از یک طرف به خاطر بهبود بخشیدن به روشهای سنتی تولیدی کشاورزی در بهر برداری بهتر از منابع وتوزیع محصولات کشاورزی ومتعاقب آن تخفیف گرسنگی ومحو فقر و از طرف دیگر به منظور نوسازی اجتماعی وفرهنگی روستاها که خود منبعث از توجه به مسائل انسانی وضرورتهای سیاسی است. موضوع توسعه روستایی واهمیت آن آشکار می شود وبرای همین هم که هست گفته اند مشکلات آیندوجهان سوم اعم از بیکاری ،فقر، کمبود درآمد،گرسنگی ، کمبود تولید وغیر باید در روستاها حل وفصل گردد .بنابراین ضرورت توسعه روستایی از اهمیت واولویت خاصی برخوردار است.بطور کلی ضرورت توجه به توسعه روستایی ناشی از عوامل گوناگون است(آسایش ،1374، 9).

网站优化
سه شنبه 15 مرداد 1398 11:03 ب.ظ
We are a gaggle of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community.
Your website provided us with useful info to work on. You've done an impressive job and our whole neighborhood will be grateful to you.
角度皮鞋定做
یکشنبه 13 مرداد 1398 05:45 ب.ظ
We're a bunch of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community.
Your site offered us with helpful information to work on. You've performed a formidable task and our whole group can be thankful to you.
פרסום וילות
یکشنبه 13 مرداد 1398 04:30 ب.ظ
thanks considerably this fabulous website is actually proper and also everyday
site
جمعه 11 مرداد 1398 04:06 ب.ظ
Hi there! Someone in my Facebook group shared
this site with us so I came to check it out. I'm definitely loving the information. I'm bookmarking and will be tweeting this to my followers!
Superb blog and wonderful design and style.
iboysoft data recovery software
پنجشنبه 10 مرداد 1398 02:54 ب.ظ
Pretty! This has been a really wonderful article. Thanks for providing this information.
http://canadianopharmacy.com/
دوشنبه 7 مرداد 1398 01:13 ق.ظ

Regards, Loads of content.

pharmacy onesource buy viagra now canada online pharmacies reviews aarp recommended canadian pharmacies canadian pharmacies without an rx canadianpharmacy canadian medications prescription drugs without prior prescription online pharmacies legitimate canada online pharmacies for men
תיקון מזגנים
شنبه 29 تیر 1398 07:49 ق.ظ
appreciate it a great deal this web site will be official and also relaxed
וילות באילת
سه شنبه 25 تیر 1398 06:02 ب.ظ
Index Search Villas and lofts for rental, search by region, find during first minutes
a villa for rental by city, various rooms lofts and villas.
Be afraid of the images and information that they have to provide you.
The website is a center for every person the
ads while in the field, bachelorette party? Like an associate who leaves Israel?

No matter what the explanation it's important to rent a villa for an upcoming event or perhaps
a team recreation well suited for any age. The website is also the centre of rooms because of the hour, which is another subject, for lovers who are seeking an opulent room equipped for
discreet entertainment having a spouse or lover. Regardless of what you are interested in, the
0LOFT website constitutes a seek out you to identify rentals for loft villas and rooms throughout Israel, North South and Gush Dan.
נערות ליווי בתל אביב
جمعه 21 تیر 1398 05:51 ب.ظ
Sexy2call Quick search and have up to date results Look for a massage escort girl, discrete
apartment or any perfect and indulgent recreation.
Trying to find escort girls? Discrete apartments? Produce a quick search by region of Israel.
sexy2call
سه شنبه 18 تیر 1398 07:48 ب.ظ
We're having coffee at Nylon Coffee Roasters on Everton Park in Singapore.

I'm having black coffee, he's developing a cappuccino.
He or she is handsome. Brown hair slicked back, glasses for his
face, hazel eyes and the most wonderful lips I've seen. He could be well made,
with incredible arms and also a chest that is unique with this
sweater. We're standing in front of one another talking about people,
what we want in the future, what we're in search of on another person. He
starts telling me that he's been rejected many times.


‘Why Andrew? You're so handsome. I'd never reject you ',
I believe that He smiles at me, biting his lip.

‘Oh, I would not know. Everything happens for grounds right.
But let me know, make use of reject me, do you Ana?' He said.


‘No, how could I?' , I replied

"So, you wouldn't mind if I kissed you at this time?' he said as I buy more detailed him and kiss him.

‘The very next time don't ask, accomplish it.' I reply.

‘I like how we think.' , he said.

Meanwhile, I start scrubbing my high heel in his leg, massaging it slowly. ‘Exactly what do you wish in ladies? And, Andrew, don't spare me the details.' I ask.

‘I like determined women. Someone that knows what we want. Someone who won't say yes even if I said yes. Someone who's unafraid of attempting a new challenge,' he says. ‘I'm never afraid of trying something mroe challenging, especially in terms of making interesting things in the bedroom ', I intimate ‘And Everyone loves ladies who are direct, who cut from the chase, like you may did. To get
honest, which is a huge turn on.
sexy2call
جمعه 14 تیر 1398 11:09 ق.ظ
The ads are be subject to every one of the binding laws on the
State of Israel.
נערת ליווי בבת ים
دوشنبه 10 تیر 1398 05:45 ق.ظ
Sexy2call Quick search and acquire the modern results Locate a
massage escort girl, discrete apartment or any perfect and indulgent recreation.
Looking for escort girls? Discrete apartments? Create a quick search by region
נערת ליווי חיפה
شنبه 8 تیر 1398 12:31 ب.ظ
Sexy2call Quick search and acquire the latest results
Locate a massage escort girl, discrete apartment or any perfect and indulgent recreation. Trying to find escort
girls? Discrete apartments? Make a quick search
by region, the most significant portal in Israel for discreet apartments and escort girls, many different
youth ads that will give you service and
guidance you didn't know, research by city in order to find the dream girl for an additional indulgence, business meeting?
Ads do not include and or provide and or encourage and or imply the provision of sexual
services. The ads are controlled by each of the binding laws of the State
of Israel.
נערת ליווי ברמת גן
شنبه 8 تیر 1398 10:55 ق.ظ
We're having coffee at Nylon Coffee Roasters on Everton Park in Singapore.
I'm having black coffee, he's possessing a cappuccino.

He or she is handsome. Brown hair slicked back, glasses that suited
his face, hazel eyes and the prettiest lips I've seen. He
is nice, with incredible arms and a chest that stands out with this
sweater. We're standing right in front of one another speaking about how we live, what you want
into the future, what we're seeking on another person. He starts saying that he's got been rejected
lots of times.

‘Why Andrew? You're so handsome. I'd never reject you ', I
only say He smiles at me, biting his lip.


‘Oh, I would not know. Everything happens for a reason right.
But analyze, would you reject me, could you Ana?' He said.


‘No, how could I?' , I replied

"So, you would not mind if I kissed you currently?' he was quoted saying as I purchase closer to him and kiss him.

‘When don't ask, do it.' I reply.

‘I prefer how you think.' , he said.

Meanwhile, I start scrubbing my your back heel within his leg, massaging it slowly. ‘What do you wish in females? And, Andrew, don't spare me the details.' I ask.

‘I really like determined women. Someone to know whatever they want. Someone that won't say yes simply because I said yes. Someone who's unafraid of trying interesting things,' he says. ‘I'm never afraid when attemping new stuff, especially in relation to making interesting things in the bed room ', I intimate ‘And I really like ladies who are direct, who cut over the chase, like you just did. To be
honest, which is a huge turn on.
נערת ליווי
دوشنبه 3 تیر 1398 01:19 ب.ظ
"We've got to build to an alternative crescendo, cheri," he
said. "And we will have an ending which will be as none before."

His smile was decadent, his eyes were loaded with lust,
as well as the soft skin of his hard cock against my
sex was having its intended effect. I was feeling a stronger arousal now as I felt his
cock slide between my sensitive lips. I felt the top of his cock push agonizingly at
the entrance of my pussy, and I needed him to thrust
into me hard. Instead he pulled back and slid his hardness back about my clit.


I was aching to possess him inside, and I could
truthfully tell that his really need to push that
wonderful hard cock inside me was growing. His moans grew to enhance mine,
and I knew the sensation of my wet pussy lips to the head of his cock was getting a lot for both of us.


"Enable the finale begin," he stated, and that he
slid the tip of his cock inside me.

We both gasped when he held his cock there for
any moment. I contracted my pussy in order to him further inside, anf the
husband threw his return within the sensation.
Inch by excruciating inch he pushed his cock inside me, and every time I squeezed my pussy around
him. His cock felt wonderful mainly because it filled me, but
Needed it inside me. I rolled sideways and rested my
leg against his shoulder, and then he plunged his cock right in.
http://daivamword.strikingly.com/
دوشنبه 3 تیر 1398 05:28 ق.ظ

Cheers. Awesome stuff.
buy cialis cost of cialis per pill price cialis per pill cialis daily reviews cialis pas cher paris female cialis no prescription we like it cialis price cialis coupons rezeptfrei cialis apotheke cialis rezeptfrei
http://propinra.strikingly.com/
یکشنبه 2 تیر 1398 01:27 ب.ظ

Excellent facts. Regards.
click here to buy cialis buy cheap cialis in uk acheter du cialis a geneve order a sample of cialis cialis taglich cialis kaufen cialis 20 mg cut in half non 5 mg cialis generici cialis 5 mg scheda tecnica tarif cialis france
http://daipesnia.strikingly.com/
شنبه 1 تیر 1398 10:51 ب.ظ

You reported that adequately!
generic cialis review uk recommended site cialis kanada cialis 5mg prix cialis prezzo di mercato ou trouver cialis sur le net cialis 5mg cialis online we choice cialis uk prescription doctor cialis acheter cialis kamagra
http://piecritrai.strikingly.com/
شنبه 1 تیر 1398 06:05 ق.ظ

You said it nicely..
cialis 5 mg effetti collateral cialis tablets for sale venta cialis en espaa cialis side effects low dose cialis blood pressure how do cialis pills work cialis uk next day click here to buy cialis cialis 10mg prix pharmaci buy cialis
http://phentnenyl.strikingly.com/
جمعه 31 خرداد 1398 02:12 ب.ظ

Many thanks, I like it!
achat cialis en europe chinese cialis 50 mg cialis generic availability cialis daily safe site to buy cialis online tadalafilo india cialis 100mg cost buy cheap cialis in uk the best site cialis tablets generic cialis in vietnam
http://genwiso.strikingly.com/
پنجشنبه 30 خرداد 1398 09:29 ب.ظ

You expressed that exceptionally well!
cialis 20 mg cost buy cialis online nz cialis 20mg preis cf venta de cialis canada buy cialis cheap 10 mg recommended site cialis kanada generic cialis where to buy cialis in ontario tadalafilo look here cialis order on line
Buy generic cialis
پنجشنبه 30 خرداد 1398 02:45 ق.ظ

Lovely posts, Regards!
we choice free trial of cialis cialis tadalafil buy cialis cheap 10 mg sialis cialis for sale in europa prescription doctor cialis generic cialis pill online price cialis best venta de cialis canada cialis venta a domicilio
http://pinszamkwoods.strikingly.com/
چهارشنبه 29 خرداد 1398 10:30 ق.ظ

Truly a good deal of great knowledge.
buy cialis sample pack can i take cialis and ecstasy cialis prezzo in linea basso cialis daily cialis australian price acheter cialis meilleur pri cialis 30 day sample safe dosage for cialis does cialis cause gout buy original cialis
Cialis online
سه شنبه 28 خرداد 1398 06:08 ب.ظ

Wow lots of excellent data!
buy cialis online achat cialis en europe buy online cialis 5mg click now cialis from canada price cialis per pill cialis 20mg preis cf walgreens price for cialis buy cheap cialis in uk cialis et insomni generic cialis pill online
http://unynmar.strikingly.com/
دوشنبه 27 خرداد 1398 08:34 ب.ظ

Fine forum posts. Thank you!
buy cialis sample pack brand cialis generic cialis daily new zealand order a sample of cialis cialis 20 mg cut in half price cialis wal mart pharmacy cialis en mexico precio canada discount drugs cialis safe site to buy cialis online cialis vs viagra
http://hradohol.strikingly.com/
دوشنبه 27 خرداد 1398 05:38 ق.ظ

You have made the point!
legalidad de comprar cialis prix cialis once a da achat cialis en itali tadalafil 5mg cialis australian price cialis daily does cialis cause gout cialis official site cialis 20 mg cost cialis official site
http://ovinhu.strikingly.com/
یکشنبه 26 خرداد 1398 04:17 ب.ظ

Kudos. Useful stuff!
canadian discount cialis cialis patent expiration what is cialis cialis official site cialis online viagra vs cialis vs levitra cialis billig click here to buy cialis cialis price thailand cialis 100mg suppliers
http://jackcounhard.strikingly.com/
یکشنبه 26 خرداد 1398 01:45 ق.ظ

You said it very well..
enter site very cheap cialis cialis 5 mg para diabeticos tarif cialis france achat cialis en europe cialis 20mg preis cf cialis coupons click now buy cialis brand cialis generic tadalafil buy cialis 20mg can i take cialis and ecstasy
http://tivicon.strikingly.com/
جمعه 24 خرداد 1398 09:29 ب.ظ

You actually revealed it well!
when can i take another cialis cialis tadalafil online cialis name brand cheap rezeptfrei cialis apotheke cialis venta a domicilio dose size of cialis click now cialis from canada dosagem ideal cialis cialis super acti cialis coupons printable
cheap real cialis
جمعه 24 خرداد 1398 07:23 ق.ظ

Excellent facts. Appreciate it!
link for you cialis price cialis savings card cialis online canada discount drugs cialis canadian drugs generic cialis generic cialis at walmart cialis 50 mg soft tab prices for cialis 50mg rx cialis para comprar 40 mg cialis what if i take
 
لبخندناراحتچشمک
نیشخندبغلسوال
قلبخجالتزبان
ماچتعجبعصبانی
عینکشیطانگریه
خندهقهقههخداحافظ
سبزقهرهورا
دستگلتفکر
نمایش نظرات 1 تا 30

درباره وبلاگ

مدیر وبلاگ : فاضلی

آخرین پست ها

جستجو

نویسندگان